Arrhenoblastoma of the ovary is an
Stromal tumor; Gonadal stromal tumor; Sex cord tumor; Androblastoma
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
This is a rare tumor. It accounts for less than 0.5% of all ovarian tumors.
These tumors are found in women of all age groups, but are most common in young women.
This tumor releases male hormones, which causes the following symptoms in women:
- Deepening of the voice
- Increased acne
- Increased hair on the face and body
- Increased size of the clitoris
- Male pattern baldness
Signs and tests
- Blood tests to check levels of hormones that may be released by the tumor
CT scanof the pelvis and abdomen to see if the tumor has spread
- Ultrasound of the ovaries
Surgery to remove the tumor is the main treatment. If the cancer has spread, chemotherapy or radiation therapy may be considered.
You can ease the
The outcome of this disease depends on whether it has spread, and whether surgery can completely remove the tumor.
Arrhenoblastoma has a low chance of spreading. If the tumor is found early, the cure rate can be very good.
- Complications of surgery
- Masculine symptoms (virilization)
- Spread of the tumor if it is not completely removed
Calling your health care provider
Call your health care provider if you are a woman and have masculine symptoms, or you feel a lump in your lower belly area.
There is no good screening test. Regular gynecologic exams and recognizing masculine symptoms may help detect the disease.