Beta blockers are a type of drug used to treat high blood pressure.
This is for information only and not for use in the treatment or management of an actual poison exposure. If you have an exposure, you should call your local emergency number (such as 911) or the National Poison Control Center at 1-800-222-1222.
The specific ingredient in such drugs varies among manufacturers. The main ingredient is a beta-adrenergic blocking substance. It blocks the effects of a hormone called epinephrine on the body. Epinephrine is also called adrenaline.
Prescription beta blockers are sold under various names, including:
- Atenolol (Apo-atenolol)
- Betaxolol (Kerlone)
- Bisoprolol (Zebta)
- Carteolol (Cartrol)
- Esmolol (Brevibloc)
- Labetalol (Normodyne)
- Metoprolol (Toprol)
- Nadolol (Corgard)
- Sotalol (Betapace)
- Oxprenolol (Trasicor)
- Penbutolol (Levatol)
- Pindolol (Novo-pindol)
- Propranolol (Inderal)
- Timolol (Apo-timol)
Note: This list may not be all-inclusive.
Airways and lungs
Wheezing(in people who have asthma)
- Eyes, ears, nose, and throat
Blurred vision Double vision
- Heart and blood
Irregular heartbeat Lightheadedness
- Low blood pressure
- Heartbeat –
- Heart failure
- Nervous system
Coma Confusion Convulsions
- Excessive sweating
Low blood sugar is common in children with this type of overdose, and can lead to nervous system symptoms.
Do NOT make the person throw up unless told to do so by poison control or a doctor.
Before Calling Emergency
Determine the following information:
- Patient’s age, weight, and condition
- Name of product (as well as the ingredients and strength, if known)
- Time it was swallowed
- Amount swallowed
- If the medication was prescribed for the patient
Poison Control, or a local emergency number
The National Poison Control Center (1-800-222-1222) can be called from anywhere in the United States. This national hotline number will let you talk to experts in poisoning. They will give you further instructions.
This is a free and confidential service. All local poison control centers in the United States use this national number. You should call if you have any questions about poisoning or poison prevention. It does NOT need to be an emergency. You can call for any reason, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
Take the container with you to the hospital, if possible.
What to expect at the emergency room
The health care provider will measure and monitor the patient’s vital signs, including temperature, pulse, breathing rate, and blood pressure. Symptoms will be treated as appropriate. The patient may receive:
- Activated charcoal
- Breathing support
- EKG test
- Medications to increase heart rate and blood pressure
- Medication to help reverse poisoning
- Tube through the nose into the stomach to empty the stomach (gastric lavage)
Most patients are admitted to the hospital. Death may follow low blood pressure or heart rhythm disturbances (