Information

The cervix is the lower end of the womb (uterus). It is at the top of the vagina. It is about 1 inch long. The cervical canal passes through the cervix. It allows blood from a menstrual period and a baby (fetus) to pass from the womb into the vagina.

The cervical canal also allows sperm to pass from the vagina into the uterus.

Conditions that affect the cervix include:

  • Cervical cancer
  • Cervical inflammation
  • Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)
  • Cervical polyps
  • Cervical pregnancy
  • Cervical dysplasia

A PAP smear is a screening test to check for cancer of the cervix. 

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