Chlamydial urethritis is a sexually transmitted illness involving infection of the urethra (the tube that drains urine from the bladder).
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Chlamydial urethritis is caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis.
Chlamydia can cause a type of swelling (inflammation) of the urethra (
People who are sexually active and those with multiple sexual partners are at highest risk for chlamydia infection.
Different strains of
- Difficulty urinating
- Burning sensation during urination
- Discharge from the penis
- Redness, swelling, itching of the opening of the urethra at tip of the penis
- Swelling and tenderness of the testicles
The symptoms can appear similar to those of infection with
Signs and tests
Taking a sample of secretions from the penis and sending it to a lab for a culture or a test called polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
Urethral discharge cultureor genital fluid testing for gonorrhea
- Urine test
Chlamydia can be treated with a variety of antibiotics, including:
Both sexual partners must be treated for both gonorrhea and chlamydia to prevent passing the infections back and forth. Even partners without symptoms need to be treated.
Antibiotic treatment is usually successful.
Narrowing (strictures) of the urethra may occur. This may require surgery to correct.
The infection may come back (recur) if you do not take your medicine as directed, or if your sexual partners are not treated.
Calling your health care provider
Call your health care provider if you have symptoms of a chlamydia infection.
Screening for other sexually transmitted infections, including syphilis and HIV, is important when you’ve been diagnosed with a new chlamydia infection.
Having a sexual relationship with one partner (monogamous) who is not infected is one way to avoid chlamydia. The proper use of condoms during intercourse usually prevents infection.