Coal worker’s pneumoconiosis is a lung disease that results from breathing in dust from coal, graphite, or man-made carbon over a long period of time.
Black lung disease; Pneumoconiosis; Anthrosilicosis
Coal worker’s pneumoconiosis occurs in two forms: simple and complicated (also called progressive massive fibrosis, or PMF).
Your risk of getting coal worker’s pneumoconiosis depends on how long you have been around coal dust. Most people with this disease are older than 50. Smoking does not increase your risk of developing this disease, but it may have an additional harmful effect on the lungs.
If coal worker’s pneumoconiosis occurs with
Cough Shortness of breath
Exams and Tests
The doctor will do a physical exam and listen to your lungs with a stethoscope. A
There is no specific treatment for this disorder. You should avoid further exposure to the dust.
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The outcome for the simple form is usually good. It rarely causes disability or death. The complicated form may cause shortness of breath that gets progressively worse.
Complications may include:
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD) Cor pulmonale(failure of the right side of the heart) Respiratory failure
When to Call a Medical Professional
Call for an appointment with your health care provider if you develop symptoms of coal worker’s pneumoconiosis.
Wear a protective mask when working around coal, graphite, or man-made carbon. Companies should enforce the maximum permitted dust levels. Avoid smoking.
Related:Interstitial lung disease – adults – discharge, Cor Pulmonale, Pulmonary tuberculosis