Generalized tonic-clonic seizure is one type of seizure that involves the entire body. It is also called grand mal seizure. The terms
Seizure – tonic-clonic; Seizure – grand mal; Grand mal seizure; Seizure – generalized
Generalized tonic-clonic seizures may occur in people of any age. They can occur once (single episode). Or they can occur as part of a repeated, chronic illness (epilepsy). Some seizures are due to psychological problems (psychogenic).
Many persons with generalized tonic-clonic seizures have vision, taste, smell, or sensory changes, hallucinations, or
The seizures usually result in
- Biting the cheek or tongue
- Clenched teeth or jaw
- Loss of urine or stool control (incontinence)
Stopped breathingor difficulty breathing
- Blue skin color
After the seizure, the person may have:
Confusion Drowsinessor sleepiness that lasts for 1 hour or longer
- Loss of memory (amnesia) about the seizure episode
- Weakness of one side of the body for a few minutes to a few hours following seizure (called Todd paralysis)
Exams and Tests
The doctor will perform a physical exam. This will include a detailed look at the brain and nervous system.
Blood tests may also be ordered to check for other health problems that may be causing the seizures.