Hemoglobin C disease is a blood disorder passed down through families. It leads to a type of anemia, which occurs when red blood cells break down earlier than normal.
Clinical hemoglobin C
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Hemoglobin C is an abnormal type of hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen. It is a type of
The disease most often occurs in African Americans. You are more likely to have hemoglobin C disease if someone in your family has had it.
Most people do not have symptoms. Occasionally, jaundice may occur. Some persons with this disease may develop
Signs and tests
Physical examination may show an
Tests that may be done include:
Complete blood count
Hemoglobin electrophoresis Peripheral blood smear Blood hemoglobin
Usually no treatment is needed.
People with hemoglobin C disease can expect to lead a normal life.
Complications include anemia, gall bladder disease, and enlargement of the spleen.
Calling your health care provider
Call your health care provider if you have symptoms of hemoglobin C disease.
Genetic counseling may be appropriate for high-risk couples who wish to have a baby.