Hyperimmunoglobulin E syndrome is a rare, inherited disease that causes problems with the skin, sinuses, lungs, bones, and teeth.
Job syndrome; Hyper IgE syndrome
Hyperimmunoglobulin E syndrome is also called Job syndrome, after the biblical character Job whose faithfulness was tested by an affliction with draining skin sores and
The symptoms are usually present in childhood, but because the disease is so rare, it often takes years before a correct diagnosis is made.
Recent research suggests that the disease is often caused by a genetic change (mutation) — a change in the STAT3
- Bone and tooth defects, including fractures and losing the baby teeth late
- Repeated lung infections
Exams and Tests
An eye exam may reveal signs of
Curving of the spine (
Repeat sinus infections
A chest x-ray may reveal lung abscesses.
Tests used to confirm the diagnosis include:
Absolute eosinophil count CBCwith blood differential Serum globulin electrophoresisto look for high blood IgE levels
Other tests that may be done:
CT scan of the chest
- Cultures of the infected site
- Special blood tests to check parts of the
immune system X-ray of the bones
- CT scan of the sinuses
A scoring system that combines the different problems of Job syndrome is used to help make the diagnosis.
There is no known cure for this condition. The goal of treatment is to control the infections. Medications include:
Antifungal and antiviral medications (when appropriate)
Sometimes, surgery is needed to drain abscesses.
Gamma globulin given through a vein (IV) may help build up the immune system if you have severe infections.
Job syndrome is a lifelong chronic condition. Each new infection requires treatment.
- Repeated infections
When to Contact a Medical Professional
Call your health care provider if you have symptoms of Job syndrome.
There is no proven way to prevent Job syndrome. Good general hygiene is helpful.
Some doctors may recommend preventive antibiotics for people who many infections, especially with Staphylococcus aureus. This treatment does not change the condition, but it can lessen its complications.