A Mallory-Weiss tear occurs in the
Mucosal lacerations – gastroesophageal junction
Mallory-Weiss tears are usually caused by forceful or long-term
Any condition that leads to violent and lengthy bouts of coughing or vomiting can cause these tears.
Bloody stools Vomiting blood(bright red)
Exams and Tests
CBCpossibly showing low hematocrit Esophagogastroduodenoscopy(EGD), more likely to be done when there is active bleeding
The tear usually heals in a few days without treatment. Surgery is rarely needed. Drugs that suppress stomach acid (proton pump inhibitors or H2 blockers) may be given, but it is not clear if they are helpful.
Repeated bleeding is uncommon and the outcome is usually good.
Hemorrhage (loss of blood)
When to Contact a Medical Professional
Call your health care provider if you begin vomiting blood or if you pass bloody stools.
Treatments to relieve vomiting and coughing may reduce risk. Avoid excessive