Marijuana is the most commonly used illegal drug in the United States. The drug is usually smoked, but is sometimes eaten.
Cannabis intoxication; Intoxication – marijuana (cannabis); Pot; Mary Jane; Weed; Grass; Cannabis
The intoxicating effects of marijuana include relaxation, sleepiness, and mild euphoria (getting high).
Smoking marijuana leads to fast and predictable signs and symptoms. Eating marijuana can cause slower, and sometimes less predictable effects.
Marijuana can cause undesirable side effects, which increase with higher doses. These side effects include:
Decreased short-term memory
Impaired perception and motor skills
More serious side effects include panic, paranoia, or acute
The amount and effect of these side effects varies from person to person, as well as with the amount of marijuana used.
Marijuana is often cut with hallucinogens and other, more dangerous drugs that have more serious side effects than marijuana. These side effects may include:
high blood pressurewith headache
Chest pain and heart rhythm disturbances
Extreme hyperactivity and physical violence
Sudden collapse (cardiac arrest)
Treatment and care involves:
- Preventing injury
- Reassuring those who have panic reactions due to the drug
Sedatives called benzodiazepines, such as diazepam (Valium) or lorazepam (Ativan) may be given. Children who have more serious symptoms or those with serious side effects may need to stay in the hospital for treatment. Treatment may include heart and brain monitoring.
Uncomplicated marijuana intoxication rarely needs medical advice or treatment. Occasionally, serious symptoms occur. However, these symptoms are rare and usually associated with other drugs or compounds mixed in with marijuana.
Calling your health care provider
If someone who has been using marijuana develops any of the symptoms of intoxication, has trouble breathing, or cannot be awakened, call 911 or your local emergency number. If the person has stopped breathing or has no pulse, begin CPR and continue it until help arrives.