Melanoma of the eye is cancer that occurs in various parts of the eye.
Malignant melanoma – choroid; Malignant melanoma – eye; Eye tumor; Ocular melanoma
Melanoma of the eye can affect several parts of the eye, including the:
The choroid layer is the most likely site of melanoma in the eye.
The cancer may only be in the eye. Or it may spread (metastasize) to another location in the body, most commonly the liver. Melanoma can also begin on the skin or other organs in the body and spread to the eye.
Melanoma is the most common type of eye tumor in adults. Even so, melanoma that starts in the eye is rare.
Too much exposure to sunlight is an important risk factor. Persons who have fair-skin and blue eyes are most affected.
- Change in iris color
Poor visionin one eye
- Small defect on the
In some cases, there may be no symptoms.
Exams and Tests
An eye examination with an
Tests that may be ordered include:
Cranial CT scanto look for spread (metastasis) to the brain
ultrasound MRI of the headto look for spread (metastasis) to the brain Skin biopsyif there is an affected area on the skin
Small melanomas may be treated with:
Surgery to remove the eye (enucleation) may be needed.
Other treatments that may be used are
You can ease the stress of illness by joining a
The outcome for melanoma of the eye depends on the size of the cancer when it is diagnosed. Most patients survive at least 5 years from the time of diagnosis if the cancer has not spread outside the eye.
If the cancer has spread outside the eye, the chance of survival is much lower.
Distortion or loss of vision
Spread of the tumor to other areas of the body
When to Contact a Medical Professional
Call for an appointment with your health care provider if you have symptoms of melanoma of the eye.
The most important way to prevent eye melanoma is to protect the eyes from sunlight, especially between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m., when the sun’s rays are most intense. Wear sunglasses that have ultraviolet protection.
A yearly eye exam is recommended.