Mesenteric venous thrombosis is a
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Mesenteric venous thrombosis is a clot that blocks blood flow a mesenteric vein, one of two veins through which blood leaves the intestine. The condition interrupts the blood supply to the intestine and can result in damage to the intestines.
Mesenteric venous thrombosis has a variety of causes. Many of the diseases that lead to this condition cause swelling (inflammation) of the tissues surrounding the veins, including:
Liver disease with
Patients who have disorders that make the blood more likely to stick together (clot) have a higher risk for mesenteric venous thrombosis. Birth control pills and estrogen medicines increase your risk of this condition.
Abdominal pain, which may get worse after eating and over time
Signs and tests
Other tests may include:
Angiogram(studying the blood flow to the intestine)
MRIof the abdomen
Ultrasound of the abdomen and mesenteric veins
Blood thinners (most commonly heparin) are used to treat mesenteric venous thrombosis when there is no associated bleeding. In some cases, medicine can be delivered directly into the clot to dissolve it. This procedure is called thrombolysis.
Less often, the clot is removed with a type of surgery called thrombectomy.
If you have signs and symptoms of a severe infection called
How well you do depends on the cause of the thrombosis. Getting treatment for the cause before the intestine has died can result in a good recovery.
Calling your health care provider
Call your health care provider if you have severe or repeated episodes of abdominal pain.