Plummer-Vinson syndrome is a condition that can occurs in people with long-term (chronic)
Paterson-Kelly syndrome; Sideropenic dysphagia; Esophageal web
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
The cause of Plummer-Vinson syndrome is unknown. Genetic factors and a lack of certain nutrients (nutritional deficiencies) may play a role. It is a rare disorder that can be linked to cancers of the esophagus and throat. It is more common in women.
- Difficulty swallowing
Signs and tests
You may develop skin and nail abnormalities that your doctor can see during an exam.
Taking iron supplements may improve the swallowing problems.
If supplements do not help, the web of tissue can be widened during upper endoscopy. This will allow normal swallowing and passage of food.
People with this condition generally respond to treatment.
Devices used to stretch the esophagus (dilators) may cause a tear, which leads to bleeding.
Plummer-Vinson syndrome has been linked to
Calling your health care provider
Call your health care provider if:
- Food gets stuck after you swallow it
- You have severe fatigue and weakness
Getting enough iron in your diet may prevent this disorder.