Simple pulmonary eosinophilia is swelling (inflammation) of the lungs from an increase in eosinophils, a type of white blood cell.
Pulmonary infiltrates with eosinophilia; Loeffler syndrome
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Most cases of simple pulmonary eosinophilia are due to an allergic reaction from:
A drug, such as a sulfonamide antibiotic or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)
Infection with a fungus such as
Aspergillus fumigatusor Pneumocystis jirovecii
A parasite, including the roundworms
Ascariasis lumbricoides, Necator americanus, or Ancylostoma duodenale ( hookworms)
cough Fever General ill feeling
Shortness of breath Wheezing
The symptoms can range from none at all to severe. They may go away without treatment.
Signs and tests
The health care provider will listen to your chest with a stethoscope. Crackle-like sounds called rales may be heard. Rales suggest inflammation of the lung tissue.
Gastric lavage may show signs of the Ascaris worm or another parasite.
If you are allergic to a drug, the doctor may tell you to stop taking it. (Never stop taking a medication without first talking with your doctor.)
If the condition is due to an infection, you may be treated with an antibiotic or anti-parasitic medication.
Sometimes, you may need corticosteroids (powerful anti-inflammatory medicines).
The disease often goes away without treatment. If treatment is needed, the response is usually good. However, relapses can occur (the disease comes back).
A rare complication of simple pulmonary eosinophilia is a severe type of
Calling your health care provider
See your health care provider if you have symptoms that may be linked with this disorder.
This is a rare disorder. Many times, the cause cannot be found. Minimizing exposure to possible
risk factors (certain medicines, some metals) may reduce risk.