A vaginal tumor is an abnormal growth of tissue in the vagina, a female reproductive organ.
Vaginal cancer; Cancer – vagina; Tumor – vaginal
Most cancerous vaginal tumors occur when another cancer, such as
Primary vaginal cancer is rare. Most primary vaginal cancers start in skin cells called squamous cells. This cancer is known as squamous cell cancer. The other types are adenocarcinoma, melanoma, and sarcoma.
The cause of squamous cell carcinoma of the vagina is unknown. But a history of cervical cancer is common in women with squamous cell carcinoma of the vagina.
Most women with squamous cell cancer of the vagina are over 50.
Adenocarcinoma of the vagina usually affects younger women. The average age at which this cancer is diagnosed is 19. Women whose mothers took diethylstilbestrol (DES) to prevent
Sarcoma of the vagina is a rare cancer that mainly occurs in infancy and early childhood.
Symptoms of vaginal cancer can include any of the following:
- Bleeding after sexual intercourse
- Painless vaginal bleeding and discharge not due to normal period
- Pain in the pelvis or vagina
Some women have no symptoms.
Exams and Tests
In patients with no symptoms, the cancer may be found during a routine pelvic exam and
Other tests to diagnose vaginal tumors include:
Other tests that may be done include:
Chest x-ray CT scanof the abdomen and pelvis
Treatment of vaginal cancer depends on the type of cancer and how far the disease has spread.
Surgery is sometimes used to remove the cancer. But most patients are treated with
Sarcoma may be treated with a combination of chemotherapy, surgery, and radiation.
You can ease the stress of illness by joining a
How well patients with vaginal cancer do depends on the stage of disease and the specific type of tumor.
Vaginal cancer may spread to other areas of the body. Complications can occur from radiation, surgery, and chemotherapy.
When to Contact a Medical Professional
Call for an appointment with your health care provider if you notice bleeding after intercourse or have persistent vaginal bleeding or discharge.
There are no definite ways to prevent this cancer. You can increase your chance of early detection by getting regular yearly pelvic examinations and