Adenomyosis is uterine thickening that occurs when endometrial tissue, which normally lines the uterus, moves into the outer muscular walls of the uterus.
Endometriosis interna; Adenomyoma
The cause is unknown. Sometimes adenomyosis may cause a mass or growth within the uterus, which is called an adenomyoma.
The disease usually occurs in women older than 30 who have had children.
Long-term or heavy menstrual bleeding
Painful menstruation, which gets increasing worse
- Pelvic pain during intercourse
Note: In many cases, the woman may not have any symptoms.
Exams and Tests
During a pelvic exam, the doctor may find an soft and slightly enlarged uterus. The exam may also reveal a uterine mass or uterine tenderness.
Most women have some adenomyosis as they near menopause but few women have symptoms, and most women don’t require any treatment.
In some cases, pain medicine may be needed. Birth control pills and a progesterone-containing intrauterine device (IUD) can help decrease heavy bleeding.
Symptoms usually go away after menopause. A hysterectomy completely relieves symptoms.
When to Contact a Medical Professional
Call for an appointment with your health care provider if you develop symptoms of adenomyosis.