Anorchia is the absence of both
Vanishing testes – anorchia; Empty scrotum – anorchia; Scrotum – empty (anorchia)
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
In the first several weeks after the egg is fertilized, the embryo develops early sex organs. In the male, if the early testes fail to develop before 8 weeks into the pregnancy, the baby will have female genitals.
If the testes are lost between 8 and 10 weeks, the baby will be born with
However, if the testes are lost after the time when the male genitals differentiate (between 12 and 14 weeks), the baby will have normal male genitals (penis and scrotum), but no testes. This is known as congenital anorchia, or the “vanishing testes syndrome.”
The cause is unknown, but in some cases there are genetic factors.
- Normal outside genitals before puberty
- Failure to start puberty at the correct time and lack of secondary sex characteristics (penis and pubic hair growth, deepening of the voice, and increase in muscle mass)
Signs and tests
- Empty scrotum
- Lack of secondary sex characteristics
Anti-Mullerian hormone levels
Surgery to look for male reproductive tissue
Testosterone levels(low) Ultrasoundor MRI
- X,Y karyotype
Artificial (prosthetic) testicle implants
Male hormones (androgens)
The outlook is good with treatment.
Face, neck, or back abnormalities (occasionally)
Psychological problems due to gender
Calling your health care provider
Call your health care provider if your male child appears to have extremely small or absent testicles or does not appear to be entering puberty during his early teens.