Ewing sarcoma is a malignant (cancerous)
Ewing family of tumors; Primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNET)
Ewing sarcoma can occur anytime during childhood and young adulthood. But it usually develops during puberty, when bones are growing rapidly. It is 10 times as common in Caucasian children as in African American, African, and Asian children.
The tumor often spreads (
In rare cases, Ewing sarcoma occurs in adults.
There are few symptoms. The most common is pain and occasionally swelling at the site of the tumor.
Children may also break a bone at the site of the tumor after a minor injury.
Fever may also be present.
Exams and Tests
If a tumor is suspected, tests to locate the primary tumor and any spread (metastasis) often include:
Biopsyof the tumor Bone scan Chest x-ray CT scan of the chest
- MRI of the tumor
- X-ray of the tumor
Treatment often includes a combination of:
Chemotherapy Radiation therapy Surgery to remove the primary tumor
The stress of illness can be eased by joining a
How well a patient does depends on:
- The location of the tumor
- If the cancer has spread
The best chance for cure is with a combination of treatments that includes chemotherapy plus radiation or surgery.
The treatments needed to fight this disease have many complications. Discuss these with your doctor.
When to Contact a Medical Professional
Call your health care provider if your child has any of the symptoms of Ewing sarcoma. An early diagnosis can increase the possibility of a favorable outcome.