A rectal biopsy is a procedure to remove a small piece of rectal tissue for examination.
Biopsy – rectum
How the test is performed
A rectal biopsy is usually part of
How to prepare for the test
You may get a laxative, enema, or other preparation before the biopsy so that you can completely empty your bowels. This will allow the doctor a clear view of the rectum.
How the test will feel
There will be some discomfort during the procedure. You may feel like you need to have a bowel movement. You may feel cramping or mild discomfort as the instrument is placed into the rectal area.
Why the test is performed
A rectal biopsy is used to determine the cause of abnormal growths found during anoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, or other tests. It can also be used to confirm the diagnosis of
The anus and rectum appear normal in size, color, and shape. There should be no evidence of bleeding, polyps,
What abnormal results mean
This test is a common way to confirm amyloidosis. It also determines the specific causes of abnormal conditions of the rectum, such as
The test may be also performed for:
Crohn’s disease Hirschsprung’s diseasein infants Ulcerative colitis
What the risks are
There is some risk of bleeding and tearing. Occasionally, patients may develop difficulty with urination after the procedure.