Salivary gland biopsy is the removal of cells or a piece of tissue from a salivary gland for exam.
Biopsy – salivary gland
How the test is performed
You have several pairs of salivary glands in your mouth:
A major pair in front of the ears (parotid glands)
Two major pairs on the floor of the mouth
Several minor pairs in the lips, cheeks, and tongue
One type of salivary gland biopsy is a needle
- The skin over the gland is cleaned with rubbing alcohol.
- A local pain-killing medicine (anesthetic) may be injected, and a needle is inserted into the gland.
- A piece of tissue or cells are removed and placed on slides.
- The samples are sent to the lab for examination.
A biopsy can also be done to:
Determine the type of
tumorin a salivary gland lump
Determine if the gland and tumor need to be removed
A biopsy of the glands in the lips or the parotid gland can also be performed to diagnose diseases such as
How to prepare for the test
You do not need to prepare for a needle biopsy, there is no special preparation. You may be asked not to drink or eat anything for a few hours before the test.
How the test will feel
With a needle biopsy, you may feel some stinging or burning if a local as numbing medicine is injected.
You may feel pressure or mild discomfort when the needle is inserted. This should only last for 1 or 2 minutes.
The area may feel tender or be bruised for a few days after the biopsy.
The biopsy for Sjogren syndrome requires an injection of the anesthetic in the lip or in the front of the ear. You will have stitches where the tissue sample was removed.
Why the test is performed
This test is done to find the cause of abnormal lumps or growths of the salivary glands. It is also done to diagnose Sjogren syndrome.
The salivary gland tissue is normal.
What abnormal results mean
Salivary gland tumors
- Sjogren syndrome
What the risks are
Allergic reactionto the anesthetic
- Injury to the facial or trigeminal nerve (rare)
- Numbness of the lip