A T-cell count measures the number of T cells in the blood. Your doctor may order this test if you have signs of a weak immune system such as due to having
Thymus derived lymphocyte count; T-lymphocyte count
How the Test is Performed
A blood sample is needed.
How to Prepare for the Test
No special preparation is necessary.
How the Test will Feel
When the needle is inserted to draw blood, some people feel moderate pain. Others feel only a prick or stinging sensation. Afterward, there may be some throbbing or a slight bruise. These soon go away.
Why the Test is Performed
T cells are a type of lymphocyte. Lymphocytes are white blood cells. They make up part of the immune system. T cells help the body fight diseases or harmful substances.
Your doctor may order this test if you have signs of a weak immune system (
One type of T cell is the CD4 cell, or “helper cell.” Persons with HIV/AIDS have regular T-cell tests to check their CD4 cell counts. The results help the doctor monitor the disease and its treatment.
Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Some labs use different measurements or test different samples. Talk to your doctor about the meaning of your specific test results.
What Abnormal Results Mean
Higher than normal T-cell levels may be due to:
Cancer, such as
acute lymphocytic leukemiaor multiple myeloma
- Infections, such as hepatitis or
Lower than normal T-cell levels may be due to:
- Cancer, such as
Hodgkin disease, or leukemia
- Immune system diseases, such as HIV/AIDS
- Steroid treatment
The following can affect test results:
- Chemotherapy medications
- Immunosuppressive medications
- Radiation therapy
Risks associated with having blood drawn are slight:
- Excessive bleeding
- Fainting or feeling light-headed
- Hematoma (blood accumulating under the skin)
- Infection (a slight risk any time the skin is broken)
- Multiple punctures to locate veins
This test is often performed on people with weakened immune systems. Therefore, the risk for infection may be higher than when blood is drawn from a person with a healthy immune system.