A cyst is a closed pocket or pouch of tissue. It can be filled with air, fluid, pus, or other material. A vaginal
Inclusion cyst; Gartner’s duct cyst
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
There are several types of vaginal cysts.
- Vaginal inclusion cysts are the most common. These may form as a result of injury to the vaginal walls during birth process or after surgery.
- Gartner’s duct cysts develop on the side walls of the vagina. This duct is present while a baby is developing in the womb but will most often disappear after birth. If parts of the duct remain, they may collect fluid and develop into a vaginal wall cyst later in life.
Bartholin’s cyst or abscessis the buildup of fluid for pus that forms a lump in one of the glands found on each side of the vaginal opening.
- Pieces of
endometriosismay appear as small cysts in the vagina. Benigntumors of the vagina are uncommon and are usually made up of cysts.
Some women with vaginal cysts may have discomfort during sex or trouble inserting a tampon.
Signs and tests
Upon pelvic examination, a mass or bulge of the vaginal wall may be seen or felt by the examiner. A
If the cyst is located under the bladder or urethra,
The only treatment needed may simply involve routine exams and watching the cyst for growth and other changes.
Opening and draining the cyst does not usually work well and may lead to infection.
Surgery may be needed if the cyst is causing symptoms. However, this can sometimes be a very involved surgery and is not recommended unless you are having more severe symptoms.
There are usually no complications from the cysts themselves. A surgical excision procedure carries a small risk of complications depending on where the cyst is located in relation to other structures.
Calling your health care provider
Call your health care provider if a lump is felt inside the vagina or protruding from the vagina.