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Problem: Bunions are located on the outer edge of your big toe in the form of a misaligned joint. Contrary to popular belief, tight shoes are not the cause. Rather, bunions can form as a result of both the shape of your foot and the way that you walk.
Solution: There isn’t much to be done once a bunion forms, but to keep it from worsening; placing custom insoles in your shoes can be beneficial.
Corns & Calluses
Problems: On the tops of your toes, the thick, dead layers of skin are called corns, and when they appear on the bottoms and sides of the feet, they’re called calluses. Both are irritating and unsightly and are caused by too much friction against the skin, usually due to shoes that don’t fit properly.
Solution: To keep your feet smooth and dead skin-free, soak them in warm water and gently rub away the tough layers with a pumice stone.
Problem: You can inherit the ability to grow fungus beneath your toenail, and when the nail splits open or there is a way for bacteria to get under there, it can become infected, leaving your nail thick, brittle and unsightly.
Solution: You can prevent toenail fungus by wearing breathable shoes and cotton socks. If you develop toenail fungus there are various over the counter medications that you can try.
Problem: Ingrown toenails are usually due to improper trimming, the likelihood of getting them is inherited, and/or shoes that do not properly fit.
Solution: If you’re unfortunate enough to experience one of these painful ingrown nails, you can soak the foot in warm water and apply antibiotic ointment to the area. Gently lifting the skin and placing a little bit of cotton underneath the nail can also help with the pain.
Problem: Blisters are typically formed in sweatier environments coupled with the friction of an ill-fitted shoe rubbing against the skin.
Solution: The best thing to do with blisters is to leave them alone until they heal. However, if they are in a place that continues to rub against the shoe and be bothersome, such as the side or bottom of the foot, use a needle that has been sterilized with rubbing alcohol and insert it into the side of the blister. Once drained, clean and dry the area well and apply antibiotic lotion followed by a band-aid.
Once your feet are nice and healthy, pampering them will take to the next level of warm weather ready. Soaking, exfoliating and moisturizing will do wonders. And of course, no summer toes are complete without a bright coat of polish!